History of Bachata, The guitar music of the Dominican Republic

Bachata is a popular guitar music from the Dominican Republic. Now overwhelmingly successful among Latinos in the United States, bachata took shape over a period of about forty years in the bars and brothels of Santo Domingo, not gaining acceptance in its native land until about ten years ago. Young groups like Aventura have a similar relationship to original bachata as rock and rollers do to the blues, which has languished in the shadow of its more commercially viable descendant.

In fact, the parallel between bachata and the blues is marked. Although bachata developed out of, and bachateros play, a variety of different rhythms, notably including merengue, the music which is specifically called bachata is a variant of the bolero. The bolero in Latin culture has traditionally been a romantic music, dealing with themes like deception and lost love. The bachatero, like the bluesman, sings about pain and trouble; one difference, though, is that while the bluesman hops on a southbound freight and keeps moving, the bachatero gets as far as the neighborhood bar and looks for solace in a bottle of rum in a dark corner!

The genre has passed through several phases since José Manuel Calderón recorded what is generally recognized as the first bachata single (“Borracho de amor” and “Que será de mi (Condena)”) in 1961. Indeed, long before Calderón, guitar music was the music of choice in the places of ill repute which became home to bachata. The guitar and guitar music like bolero and son were also the staples of the campo, the countryside, and with the death of dictator Rafael Trujillo in 1961 a number of musicians left the campo to record in the capital. The dictator’s family had virtually monopolized the music industry in the country, and when he was killed entrepreneurs began recording the first generation of bachateros. At this point the music was not yet referred to as bachata, but rather as “bolero campesino”. The word bachata originally denoted an informal party where guitar music was generally played—only later did it come to signify the music itself, and then in a denigrating manner.

When Calderón recorded, bachata was essentially a type of bolero, very little different from the Puerto Rican, Ecuadorian, Mexican and Peruvian music that inspired it. In subsequent years, the music began to define itself as a genre which, while still based principally on the bolero rhythm, is easily distinguishable from it. In order to understand these changes it is useful to divide the genre into the following categories, each of which roughly corresponds to a time period:

Author: David Wayne
Editor: Benjamin de Menil

Deborah Pacini Hernandez's book, "Bachata A Social History of a Dominican Popular Music", was one of the sources for this article. David Wayne also draws on first hand experience from his years living in the Dominican Republic, interviews conducted with bachata musicians, and work as a guitarist in numerous bachata bands.

Comments

quisiera saber quien canto la primera bachata y como se llama ese artista

la bachata es una musica pegajosa

yo qureo que la bachata es al go un poco pegajoso elo paise la tino

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es muy interesante lo dicho atra vez de los anos de este genero musical.

mmmm bueno ssss

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))))))))9 buena la bachata

MUY BUENA LA INFORMACIÓN SIN DUDA voy HACER LA MEJOR Y ME GANARE EL PRIMER LUGAR JAJAJAJA ;)

Bachata music es del campo.No es la mejor musica del Mundo Pero si es musica bonita.El merengue tiene el ritmo. La salsa el sabor y el swing.Merengue y Salsa romantic a es much major que la Bachata

nesecito un cd soy fanatico tullo

mandame un cd

babeeeidsss (/.\) ims wantids to rollids you into a ballids & shovids you up my vaginaidsss !!

gracias por la informacion

esta buena la in fo

esta buena la in fo

Can't wait to learn!

esta jevi me encantan la bachata de edwar jose

esta bien jevi la respueta gracias a eso pude aser mi tarea me encanta la ballata

esta información me sirve de mucho para las tareas que uno ase

Lo lirico y lo romantico y sensual de la bachata me gusta. Sin dejar de reconocer que nosotros los dominicanos nos inspiramos del bolero -son de Cuba, que es donde se origino este genero.

Que relacion hay entre el cha cha y la bachata??....

la mejor musica del mundo es la bachata

es bacan las letra para baylarla y para escucharla y pon tu comentario no ordianareses chikiiii09,jun 09,2012

alguien q me lo meta

muy buen tema

PLEASE! I need to find the "original"version and not the modern Blas Duran "A Ti no Te Quiero". Before they updated this website you could play a clip of it and Blas Duran was singing by himself. It was slow and dreamy and awesome. I used to come this page just to hear it and other clips "Nadie me Quita esa Hembra" Yo que si Tu que No. y ottos. I have been waiting around FOREVER for a release of the full copy of that original Blas Duran and others.

luego inocensio cruz,favio sanabia ,melida rodriguez,bernardo ortiz.rafaelito encarnacion y asi sucesivamente

hola a todos .el primer artista dominicano en grabar bachata fue mi tocayo y homologo jose manuel calderon gracias

no me gusto la historia muy resumidad. pero bueno me gusta ¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡

Aparte de las "mujeres",la bacha es lo mejor de RD.

La bachata es la mejor musica acualmente,en la republica dominicana.

la bachatta es una de mi preferencia es lo mejor

Me gusta bachata!!!!!<3 jajajaja

la bachata y el merengue es del dominicano cuando se toca uno de estos ritmos es como volver ser dominicano

Jonathan, fue Jose Manuel Calderon, y poco despues Efrain Morel.

hola me llamo jonathan,,y kiero saver cual fue el primer artista en grabar bachata en republica dominicana ,,que alguien me diga por favor ,,gracias

hi to all

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i loove this music !!!

The second singer that recorded bachata is July Paulino;
"Quiero Hacerte Feliz" Y "Mujer Querida", back in 1962

Right After Calderon, July Paulino recoded "Quiero Hacerte Feliz'' and "falsa Mujer"

prince royce is the best love u big fan

Olá alguém poderia me dizer como eu faço para comprar o DVD do BACHATA CHRONICLES "THE DOCUMENTARY"?
eu agradeço de coração.

creo que ante de ser bachata,. hay que mencionar la música del guardia cobrao, merengue típico, música de monteadentro. entoce la funciones de esos genero dan la bachata.

me gusto esto es muy imformativo y me ayudo muchooo en la materia de baile grasias por estoo

prince royce is gay but so sexy wepa