History of Bachata, The guitar music of the Dominican Republic

Bachata is a popular guitar music from the Dominican Republic. Now overwhelmingly successful among Latinos in the United States, bachata took shape over a period of about forty years in the bars and brothels of Santo Domingo, not gaining acceptance in its native land until about ten years ago. Young groups like Aventura have a similar relationship to original bachata as rock and rollers do to the blues, which has languished in the shadow of its more commercially viable descendant.

In fact, the parallel between bachata and the blues is marked. Although bachata developed out of, and bachateros play, a variety of different rhythms, notably including merengue, the music which is specifically called bachata is a variant of the bolero. The bolero in Latin culture has traditionally been a romantic music, dealing with themes like deception and lost love. The bachatero, like the bluesman, sings about pain and trouble; one difference, though, is that while the bluesman hops on a southbound freight and keeps moving, the bachatero gets as far as the neighborhood bar and looks for solace in a bottle of rum in a dark corner!

The genre has passed through several phases since José Manuel Calderón recorded what is generally recognized as the first bachata single (“Borracho de amor” and “Que será de mi (Condena)”) in 1961. Indeed, long before Calderón, guitar music was the music of choice in the places of ill repute which became home to bachata. The guitar and guitar music like bolero and son were also the staples of the campo, the countryside, and with the death of dictator Rafael Trujillo in 1961 a number of musicians left the campo to record in the capital. The dictator’s family had virtually monopolized the music industry in the country, and when he was killed entrepreneurs began recording the first generation of bachateros. At this point the music was not yet referred to as bachata, but rather as “bolero campesino”. The word bachata originally denoted an informal party where guitar music was generally played—only later did it come to signify the music itself, and then in a denigrating manner.

When Calderón recorded, bachata was essentially a type of bolero, very little different from the Puerto Rican, Ecuadorian, Mexican and Peruvian music that inspired it. In subsequent years, the music began to define itself as a genre which, while still based principally on the bolero rhythm, is easily distinguishable from it. In order to understand these changes it is useful to divide the genre into the following categories, each of which roughly corresponds to a time period:

Author: David Wayne
Editor: Benjamin de Menil

Deborah Pacini Hernandez's book, "Bachata A Social History of a Dominican Popular Music", was one of the sources for this article. David Wayne also draws on first hand experience from his years living in the Dominican Republic, interviews conducted with bachata musicians, and work as a guitarist in numerous bachata bands.

Comments

Caleb, you prbably had to look all that up to understand it so stfu and go worry about your white life

Mad or nawww???

Fuck you!

Can ya'll shut the fuck up...a nadie les importa si "hansel y gretel son hermanos" o si son jotos...pero para todos eso si es verdad...pinches culeros

soy una planta de color rosa

soy una planta extraña

pinches jotos les gusta el choriso

y ami m gustan los dos y se acuerdan akella noche nosotros los tres hansel,jose y yo faustino

y ami m gusta faustino

pero ami m gusta jose manuel

no balen choriso

pinches jotos por k me pusieron hay

ayyyyy yo soy gay y me gusta hansel moreno

hansel noooooo es joto '' ok

facebook{ ami kontreritaz y hansel moreno

hansel moreno y gretel coronado y
sinberguensa jajajaj<3

la backata es la peor musica q exsiste en el mundo jajaja y hansel y gretel son ermanos lo acabo de descubrir

ayyy me hise del baño

ayyy me gustas tu tambien faustino y mucho

callensen jotos bueno yo soy jotoo tanbien
te amo romeo santos
y ati jose manuel

y tu hansel me gustas mucho chikito

amo a romeo santos soy gaaay y me gustan todos los ke ayan comentado

Precioso! Me encanta como escribieron esto! Yo soy maestra de baile... Bailar es mi vida! Enseno un monton de cosas! Pero me encanta aprender mas y mas de la historia del baile! Gracias, era precioso!

Eres un nalgon pinche wey?

mandenme un cd de pura bachata pero de la buena

hola como estan

Grasias a eso pude haser mi tarea jijiji

Awesome article! I've also recently seen your post on Marino Perez. Both articles were very informative and very well written.

You guys do great work. I've seen your coverage of the Bachata DREAM school in the DR and i think its wonderful that kids get to learn Bachata skills from such a young age. That school definitely needed exposure and recognition. Thank you for sharing that to the public

If you can, check out my recent blog post on Bachata titled "A Look in the World of Bachata". It covers everything from the history to the music theory. My wordpress blogsite title is "Music for the Soul" Check it out, I think you'll enjoy it

Best,
Dilson

me gusta enrique iglesias y romeo santos

Soy fan de la bachata y me encanta Romeo santo, Enrique iglesia y algunas canciones de monchy y alexandra

aqui no sale los autores de las bachata vale cayampa este sitios

bnbnbnn no entendi

muy chido juju

Gracias al amigo Denis Irias he podido conseguir la cancion que andaba buscando. Se llama Sin ti no puedo y la canta Juan Santos. ttp://goo.gl/YDRVHq

Amooooooooooooo la bachata es la mejor musica q. E escuchado

en esta mierda no aparecen sus compositores

Seguro que existe Nicole, es una bella cancion, pero no la puedo encontrar aun. Lastima!

good shit bro.. good article but not as good as ur moms poontang

Anyone on?

Who plays co?

Hello

escuchar canciones de maite perro ni os encantara jajaj ya bereis jjaaj

no lo se si esa cancion existe si la llevas buscando catorce años es muy dificil si no de encontrarla
jajaj

la bachata es lo mejorr jaaj pero porque maite perroni no sale en españa eso me da mucha rabia no es justo porque sus canciones son muy bonitas y de bachata (Maite Perroni)

Si estás interesado en instrumentales de bachata no dudes en contactarnos.
facebook: officialcoremusic

res supr bacan

mmg

juegen transformice

hola amigos utede conose a el mayor el labachata nueba loco con antonisanto